Cardio Vascular Diseases and COPD
Numerous cohort studies have demonstrated an increased risk of cardiovascular-related mortality in patients with COPD. Interestingly, this association is often seen in mild and moderate COPD. It is both disappointing and depressing that both the management of cardiovascular disease and the assessment of risk in patients with COPD is repeatedly suboptimal. The amino acids desmosine and isodesmosine are involved in elastin cross-linking, have utility as a measure of elastin breakdown, and may have value in determining both risk of cardiovascular disease and a link to a possible causal mechanism. The detection of increased arterial stiffness in patients with COPD furthers leads to the understanding of the possible mechanism for cardiovascular disease in COPD.
- Track 1-1 Causes of Cardiovascular Diseases
- Track 2-2 Prevention and Management
- Track 3-3 Drugs for Indication and Prevention
- Track 4-4 Public Health Awareness- Prevention of Smoking